Extra nursing houses are ready longer for covid-19 take a look at outcomes for residents and staffers, in accordance with federal information, making the battle towards file numbers of omicron instances even more durable.
The double whammy of slower turnaround instances for lab-based PCR exams and a scarcity of fast antigen exams has strained services the place shortly figuring out infections is essential for preserving a extremely weak inhabitants secure.
A KHN evaluation of knowledge from the Facilities for Medicare & Medicaid Companies finds that 25% of nursing houses that despatched exams to a lab waited a median of three or extra days for outcomes as of Jan. 16. In early December, that quantity was 12%.
At Lutheran Life Villages in Fort Wayne, Indiana, the lengthy watch for outcomes renders PCR exams “ineffective,” President Alex Kiefer mentioned. “If we ship someone off to get a PCR take a look at, typically it takes two days for them to get an appointment. After which it takes two, three, 4 days to get a learn.”
So Kiefer’s group primarily depends on fast antigen exams. However on Jan. 12, long-term care websites within the state had been alerted to shortages of Abbott Laboratories’ fast BinaxNOW antigen exams, in accordance with the Indiana Division of Well being. Lutheran Life Villages was utilizing 125 fast exams a day, together with on vaccinated folks. Now as transmission charges stay excessive, “we’re scrounging to attempt to discover sufficient,” Kiefer mentioned. He known as the state shipments sporadic. “The scariest factor is, if we get to some extent the place we will’t get these, we should depend on PCRs, and the timing of that’s simply actually difficult,” Kiefer mentioned.
Federal officers require the nation’s 15,000 nursing houses to submit information on covid of their services; KHN’s evaluation of testing speeds is predicated on studies of turnaround instances in early December and mid-January from about 10,900 houses. Nursing house residents have excessive vaccination charges — greater than 87% are absolutely inoculated, and 67% have acquired boosters. Nonetheless, specialists warn, delays can pose important security dangers. For one, within the time it takes to obtain outcomes, outbreaks can emerge undetected. And with omicron, breakthrough infections seem to trigger extra extreme signs for older folks.
This many nursing houses haven’t waited three or extra days for take a look at outcomes since March 2021, CMS information present.
Broadly, PCR exams are thought-about the gold commonplace for accuracy and are extra seemingly for use for normal surveillance testing as a result of fast exams can miss asymptomatic instances. The downside is that labs can take days to return PCR outcomes underneath regular circumstances, not to mention when testing demand and staffing shortages delay processing.
Dr. Naveen Patil, deputy state well being officer of the Arkansas Division of Well being, mentioned the state really useful that long-term care services shift to PCR exams throughout covid outbreaks as a result of they’re extra dependable, even when loads of antigen exams can be found.
“However now,” he mentioned, “most of them are doing PCR as a result of they don’t have sufficient provide of antigens.”
The Biden administration, which is sending 1 billion fast covid exams to U.S. households, has been delivery long-term care services 2.5 million exams per week. However that provide has proved measly towards omicron’s winter surge, which has fueled even higher infections amongst nursing house residents, in accordance with CDC information.
The American Well being Care Affiliation, which lobbies for nursing houses and assisted dwelling services, not too long ago mentioned the administration plans to ship the sector a further 5 million fast exams within the coming weeks, however the business says that’s not almost sufficient. A spokesperson for the U.S. Division of Well being and Human Companies didn’t reply to questions concerning the new shipments.
Two years into the pandemic, nursing houses are nonetheless managing a disaster. Testing is “a little bit of a large number,” mentioned David Grabowski, a long-term care knowledgeable and well being coverage professor at Harvard Medical Faculty. “It’s déjà vu another time.”
Trade staff say fast take a look at shortages additionally complicate their efforts to honor residents’ proper to obtain guests whereas making certain the virus doesn’t are available in with them.
A survey in early January by LeadingAge, which lobbies for nonprofit nursing houses and different care suppliers for older adults, discovered that 76% of nursing houses had sufficient testing provides, however services mentioned restocking was getting more durable. The American Well being Care Affiliation requested the Biden administration to extend the sector’s testing provides and associated tools. The group estimates the sector wants 5 million exams per week.
Dr. Swati Gaur, medical director for New Horizons Nursing Amenities in Georgia, mentioned some services “are having to sort of pivot to PCR” exams due to antigen take a look at shortages.
Earlier than omicron arrived, Tina Sandri, CEO of Forest Hills of DC in Washington, would get PCR take a look at outcomes again in a few day. In January, that turnaround time elevated to 2 or three days. Sandri’s firm, which operates expert nursing and assisted dwelling services, depends on PCR testing to have extra confidence that they’ll catch asymptomatic instances.
“These antigen take a look at kits are actually exhausting to get,” she added. “We would wish tons of of them each single day, and there simply aren’t sufficient of them for us to make use of as a sensible resolution.” Their most beneficial use, Sandri mentioned, can be for workers to check themselves at house after an publicity or an infection earlier than returning to work.
Covid infections amongst nursing house residents and employees members have begun to say no nationally, however the complete within the week ending Jan. 23 — 42,584 resident instances — surpasses the numbers from final winter’s surge, when preliminary doses of the covid vaccine had been turning into obtainable. Up to now month, the variety of resident deaths has elevated every week — and was 1,298 for the week ending Jan. 23. That’s effectively beneath the 4,100 deaths reported in the identical week a 12 months in the past, CDC information exhibits.
Lengthy-term care services that aren’t fearful about covid testing say they will reliably get take a look at leads to lower than a day or two. And so they have ample provides of fast antigen exams from federal shipments.
“I perhaps get two or three shipments per week” of fast exams, mentioned Karen Venis, CEO of Sayre Christian Village in Lexington, Kentucky. The lab that processes Sayre’s PCR take a look at samples — which they use for routine surveillance — sends staffers to check residents and staff twice per week. Outcomes are sometimes offered inside 24 hours, and Venis estimated they use about 100 antigen exams per week, saving them largely for folks with signs.
“We’ve received the help that we’d like,” she mentioned.
For Kiefer in Indiana, although, utilizing extra PCR exams isn’t tenable.
“That’s how we had been making selections early on within the pandemic,” he mentioned. “It was troublesome to do the whole lot.”
At the very least with fast exams, he mentioned, “we will take motion instantly.”